© Rosaria Mastroianni Ianni
Università Magna Graecia di Cantizaro (Italia)
The subject of the degeneration of power is illustrated by R. Hochhuth in his work L'Antigone in Berlin, in which the author carries the symbolic and expressive load of the Greek myth within a real story. Antigone buries his brother, who died as an opponent of the regime, going against public prescriptions, which provided that the bodies of traitors had to be sent to the experiments of the institute of anatomy. In a burning Berlin, the description of Plötzensee prison, where the protagonist died and thousands of other political opponents with her, is emblematic of the brutality that Nazism reserved for its enemies, as well as of a power that had completely lost contact with reality. In a dramatic scenario, characterized by the exercise of almost total control of the Nazi institutions over the population and by law and propaganda according to the wishes of the authority, the desperate search for a tangible sign of something uncontaminated in the midst of horror emerges as well as the fundamentality of freedom of thought and conscience and more generally of human rights.