Loreto Corredoira y Alfonso
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
This research area is part of the ongoing R&D Project co-directed by Loreto Corredoira & Rafa Rubio “Guarantees against disinformation in electoral processes. Cibersecurity and other information disorders in Social Networks”, SN-DISORDERS, Ref. PID2019-105334RB-I00
Working paper. Two preliminary version of this paper were presented in two conferences in 2019. One in the “Congreso Elecciones, gobierno abierto, información y “fake news”, organized by the DerechoTics.com Network, March 2019, Valencia (Spain) and “Communication Beyond Borders” the International Communication Association annual Conference, hold in Washington D.C., 24-28 May 2019. https://www.icahdq.org/page/PastFuture
There is increasing concern in Europe about interference in political campaigns: sometimes because of the disinformation or misinformation that some “interested parties” or “foreign entities” promote, sometimes because laws do not take into account the new media and Social Network environments.
In this paper, we will address three aspects in particular:
Clarification regarding the nature of disinformation (Is it a new phenomenon deriving from ICT?)
Guarantees of the electoral campaign processes in Europe (Are laws and electoral bodies ready to handle technical interferences? Are the current regulations valid?)
Critical review of the European responses from the Law, legislative initiatives (EU, Germany, France.. ) related to Twitter or Facebook.
We consider that a key issue –and part of the solution to combat disinformation- is the attribution of sources (Bel & Corredoira, Cotino, Moretón) from the viewpoint of guarantees, primarily of the right to communicate contained in Art. 19 of UDHR and Spanish Constitution which enshrines the freedom of “truthful information” (news) and also of “ideas” and “opinions”.